As an automobile enthusiast, it is always a gift to learn new terms everyday especially on forums if you see buzzwords like transmission sleeve.
But wait, what is a transmission sleeve?
Transmission sleeve is a part of the synchronizing assembly in your manual transmission system. It helps to change the gears swiftly by connecting the gears to the shaft properly and ensure that both the gear and the shaft are rotating at the same speed. It is also known as the synchronizer or shift sleeve.
But if you are wondering whether the transmission sleeve is immune from any problem or not, then I have bad news for you, because it can get damaged. But the good news is that this article covers what steps you need to take in this situation. So, let’s get started for more.
How Does a Transmission Sleeve Work?
To understand how a transmission sleeve works, you need to have a little bit of idea about the manual transmission system.
Modern manual transmission vehicles use a constant mesh transmission system where the gears are constantly in mesh with each other. But the output gears are loosely connected to the output shaft. And for smooth gear shifting, the gear and the shaft need to be in sync with each other.
Transmission sleeve is a simple looking metallic ring that the internal teeths very similar to internal teeths of gear. Transmission Sleeve works by sliding back and forth on the connector hub with the help of the selector fork.
Connector hub is connected to and rotates with the shaft. A transmission sleeve can move back and forth on this hub to engage and disengage gears. During gear shifting the fork moves the sleeve toward the required gear.
A blocker ring is present between sleeve and gear. Its main function is to make gear and sleeve rotate at the same speed before complete connection is made.
So when we shift gear, the first selector fork makes the sleeve move on the connector hud. Then the sleeve presses the blocker and gets engaged with it (internal teeths of sleeve get engaged with external teeths of blocker.
Blocked then engages with the main gear then in a manner that is very similar to how clutch plates engage.
This is how your transmission sleeve works. So, through the help of the transmission sleeve, you can shift gears and as a consequence your vehicle’s RPM.
There are two main tasks of a transmission sleeve
- Ensuring smooth and accurate gear shifting
- Preventing the gear from grinding during shifting
Symptoms of Damaged Transmission Sleeve
Now, there are many reasons for your transmission system to go bad. But your transmission sleeve itself getting damaged can also have dire consequences for your manual transmission system and will affect the entire synchromesh system.
Some of the common symptoms of damaged synchronizer sleeve are:
- Loud Grinding Noise when the synchronizer is not properly meshed with the gears.
- Difficulty in shifting because the sleeve can’t lock in with the blocker ring.
- Transmission Getting stuck in gear is a problem when the synchronizer sleeve is stuck.
How to Fix the Damaged Transmission Sleeve?
Usually, the best solution here is to replace the synchronizer sleeve and look for damage in other components of your synchronizer assembly like the cone and hub.
In some of the models like the Subaru, PDM developed the Subaru Transmission Sleeve Kit (TSK) which comes with a transmission sleeve and a bearing. All you have to do is put this sleeve over the transmission snout and then put the bearing over it.
This transmission kit varies by the part number and you need to look for it while replacing the transmission sleeve on your Subaru.
Now, we definitely do not recommend you to do this on your own if you have no experience with DIY work. Please consult a professional to help you with replacing the sleeve. The labor cost should be around $1,500-$3,500 whereas the transmission sleeve itself should cost you around $30-$110.
Following are the steps of replacing the synchronizer on the manual transmission.
Step 1: Remove the transmission system first.
Step 2: Remove the inverted torque bolts, plugs inside the bell house and the snap rings on the extension housing.
Step 3: Now put the transmission into neutral so that all the shift forks are in the same level. You may need to use a plastic clip to keep everything locked in.
Step 4: With that done, you need to separate the bell housing with the main gear cluster of the case.
Step 5: Start by removing the plug that covers the retaining bolt for the counter shaft main bearing and then bring out the seal. Make sure not to gouge the housing.
Step 6: Next you have to remove the large bolt, and then the inverted torques. Make sure to keep track of their position.
Step 7: Check the gear cluster you just separated. You will find there is an output shaft and countershaft with different speed gears.
Step 8: Locate the gear whose synchronizer you want to change, if it’s fifth gear you will find it on top.
Step 9: Now take off the adaption collar, roller bearing and the blocker ring gear from the gear with the damaged synchronizer. At this point you should also check other gears with synchronizer assembly and find if there is any problem or not.
Step 10: You need to get the back housing off the gear cluster.
Step 11: Start by removing the allen headed screws and then the shift fork assembly. Remove the output seal and snap ring as well.
Step 12: Separate the output and the counter shaft. Next you need to take out the snap ring from the gear with the synchronizer problem.
Step 13: Remove the connector hub from the assembly by using the three drop holder set up. Then the synchronizer assembly will also come off.
Step 14: Now install the new synchronizer assembly connecting it to the synchronizer slider. Put petroleum jelly around the synchronizer slider so it doesn’t pop out.
Step 15: Now install the shifter assembly properly and then keep it lined up properly.
Step 16: Finally, go in the reverse order and install back the output and counter shaft and finally the main gear cluster with the bell housing.
Step 17: Connect back the bolts and plugs and put the transmission system back.
Sleeve Kit By Part Number
The table below shows which transmission kit to select for your Subaru:
|Transmission Sleeve Kit (TSK)||Part Number||Car Models||Price [As of January,2023]|
|TSK 1||30502AA051||2003-2006 Subaru Baja 2.5l Non-Turbo1998-2011 Subaru Forester 2.5l Non-Turbo1993+ Subaru Impreza 1.8l, 2.2l, 2.5l Non-Turbo1996+ Subaru Outback 2.2l, 2.5l Non-Turbo||$148|
|TSK 2||30502AA080||2004-2006 Subaru Baja 2.5l Turbo2003-2005 Subaru Forester XT 2.5l Turbo1991-1994 Subaru Legacy 2.2l Turbo2002-2005 Subaru WRX 2.0l/2.5l Turbo||$174|
|TSK 3||30502AA120||2004-2012 Subaru Legacy GT 2.5l Turbo2004-2006 Subaru Baja Turbo2004-2008 Subaru Forester 2.5l Turbo2006-2018 Subaru WRX 2.5l Turbo2005-2009 Subaru Outback 2.5l Turbo||$174|
|TSK 4||30502AA130||2004-2014 STI 6-Speed||$180|
With that, hopefully you know what a transmission sleeve is and especially if you are a Subaru user, you will know what kit to choose for your transmission sleeve replacement.
What’s The Difference Between TS2 and TS3 Kit?
The main difference is in the part number and the compatible car models. Apart from that, there is not much difference between the two transmission sleeve kit systems.
Is Transmission Sleeve Enough To Stop Transmission Fluid Leak?
No, the transmission sleeve is not used for sealing transmission fluid. You need a mechatronic sleeve for that. It is a plastic connector for the vehicle wiring harness connection to the transmission and one of its functions is to stop transmission fluid leaks.
Can a Transmission Sleeve Be Used For Automatic Transmission?
No, the transmission sleeve is only for manual transmission. Transmission or the synchronizer sleeve’s purpose is to make sure that your engine’s torque is maintained properly as you shift gears manually. But in automatic transmissions, different components are used to achieve similar functions, such as planetary gearsets and hydraulic systems..
So now you should know the answer to the question what is a transmission sleeve? Hopefully, through the guideline presented in this article, you know its functions. Additionally, you will also be able to look for the symptoms, diagnose and solve any problems related to the transmission sleeve.