What are the 6.0 Powerstroke IPR Valve Symptoms?

A failing IPR valve can be detected through multiple symptoms such as stalling car, rough idling, etc.

The IPR, also known as the Injection Pressure Regulator, is an important component of your 6.0 Powerstroke engine. The oil flows through the HPOP to the injectors.

If the oil flowed directly to the injectors from the HPOP, it would do so at high pressure, which in turn would lead to various problems. The role of the IPR valve is to regulate this pressure. If it fails to inject the oil in a specific pressure, the user will come across a ton of issues.

Learning about the 6.0 Powerstroke IPR valve symptoms can help you detect the issue early and fix it before any real issue occurs.

What are the 6.0 Powerstroke IPR Valve Symptoms?

IPR Valve 6.0 Powerstroke Symptoms You Should Keep An Eye On

Let’s discuss the symptoms in detail so that you can find it easier to spot them.

Vehicle Fails to Idle Smoothly

One of the most common issues people with failing IPR valves come across with rough idling. To understand this, you must learn what smooth idling is.

An engine is idling smoothly when you’re running the engine at a moderate and steady speed. This is also referred to as “Cruising”.

Inversely, the idling is rough when the engine fails to maintain a steady speed. The most evident symptom can be found by observing the tachometer. You’ll find the needle jumping around, failing to maintain a steady speed.

The Engine Cranks but Doesn’t Start

There are a lot of cases in which turning the crankshaft doesn’t start the engine. In regular cases, this issue is caused by an empty tank. However, this could also happen due to a failing IPR valve.

If the IPR valve is acting up, it could fail to inject the oil at an appropriate pressure. This will keep the engine from starting.

The Engine May Stall

Another common symptom of a failed IPR valve is a stalling engine. This is not only annoying, but it can be very dangerous as well. In this case, you’ll find the car stalling and getting out of tune suddenly.

Whether this is being caused by a failing IPR can be determined easily by running a few diagnostic tests. The easiest of which would be to check DTCs.

The Injectors May Surge

A failing IPR valve might end up supplying oil at a higher pressure. In this case, the injectors will surge as oil at higher pressure will combust differently and surge. If this happens, you’ll also experience sudden acceleration while cruising at a steady pace.

If the IPR valve fails to pressurize the oil adequately, you’ll find the vehicle cranking for a long time when you prompt it to start.

What to do If You Have a Faulty IPR Valve?

If you feel that you have a faulty IPR valve, you should test it right away. The easiest way would be to check the IPR duty cycle percentage. When the IPR is fully opened after starting, it’ll remain around 15%. Once closed, it’ll be at 85%.

If the percentage is higher than 30% when it’s fully opened, there might be a leak. In this case, you can check whether you can repair the leak or not.

Will Replacing a IPR be Expensive?

Yes, replacing an IPR can be moderately expensive as these cost around $200. However, the price may be different based on the vendor you’re getting it from.

Please note that this is price of the component only. You’ll need to pay a ton to the mechanic for installation. So, it’s recommended you install it yourself as that’ll save you some cash.

FAQs

1. How Do I Know If My IPR Sensor Is Bad?

Once you encounter any of the symptoms discussed here, you need to get your car diagnosed. Only after performing a thorough check-up you will be able to pinpoint whether the IPR sensor is bad or some other issue is causing all these.

2. What Should IPR Read While Cranking?

By checking the IPR reading, you can ascertain whether the engine is starting as fast as it should and if the valve is in good condition or not.

While performing this diagnosis, you need to focus on the Injection Pressure Regulator percentage. This metric is also referred to as the IPR duty cycle. This should be 15% when it is fully opened. When it’s fully closed, it will read 85%.

3. What Does The ICP Sensor Do On A 6.0 Powerstroke?

The ICP or Injection Control Pressure sensor is a component of the IPR. This sensor is responsible for detecting the pressure of the oil being fed to the injectors. An IPR is considered faulty if its ICP is faulty or damaged.

This is because once the ICP reads the pressure of the fuel, it reports the readings back to the central computer. This, in turn, commands the IPR to fine-tune the pressure. If the reading is faulty, the IPR won’t function properly.

4. How Do You Test A 6.0 ICP Sensor?

The best way to test a 6.0 ICP sensor would be to use a Forscan. These tools are expensive, but they’re mostly accurate. There are some cheaper tools that show you the pressure. However, these are often inaccurate as the pressure is mostly inferred.

This is why testing the voltage with Forscan would be the most accurate way to go. The voltage reading will be 500. If there’s a deviation, contact a mechanic immediately.

Conclusion

Always be on alert for these 6.0 Powerstroke IPR valve symptoms, and hopefully, you’ll be able to detect this problem accurately. Like every other issue, it’s best if you detect and fix it early. The more you delay, the further you risk engine damage.

If you don’t have prior experience with diagnosing or fixing your car, we recommend going to a mechanic. Also, don’t rely too heavily on cheap pocket scanners as these aren’t very accurate.